Chemistry 125
(the Registrar calls it Chem 124)

Freshman Organic Chemistry
Fall 2008

 Lecture transcripts, audio, and video files from Fall 2008 are available for viewing and downloading  by clicking here (Open Yale Courses) 

Material for First Quarter of the Fall Semester 2008

 Material for Second Quarter of the Fall Semester 2008

Material for Third Quarter of the Fall Semester 2008

Material for Fourth Quarter of the Fall Semester 2008

Syllabus and Course Mechanics

(Discussion Sections)  (Exams & Grading)

Goals of Chem 125
Do read this

  Advice from Alumni

Material from the first quarter of the Fall Semester 2008

Lecture 1 (9/3/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov) (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
(The BIG Question ; The Royal Society ; Pepys as a model Chem 125 student; Force Laws and Springs)

Samuel Pepys and Isaac Newton - How might they do in Chem 125?

Note the Problems for Monday

You may work in groups of up to 6 to prepare a group hard copy or e-mail submission (with the names of all participants on it). 

Lecture 2 (9/5/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov) (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
(A Chemical Force Law? ; Lewis's Electron Octet; equilibrium vs. resonance; acetic acid geometry & energy; Lore)
note Problems for
Wednesday on frame 40 (Lewis structure for H/C/N in that order, H/C/H/O in any order)

Newton's Chemistry & the Business of Experimental Philosophy

Lecture 3 (9/8/08)  Viewing Instructions
(ppt) and/or (mov) (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
( O2/O3 4-D plotting; charge distribution; Earnshaw; Resonance Lore ; Earnshaw and Faraday's Lines of Force ; Plum Pudding Atoms ; Was Coulomb Wrong?)

What's Wrong with Lewis Structures
What are Force Laws?
Earnshaw via Lines of Force
Shell Structure for Charged Balls in 2D

Dealing with Graphs - Lesson 1

Drill on multidimensional plotting
(you don't need to turn the problems in, but you should know how to do them)
answer key

Problem Set for Friday, 9-12-08(html) or (PDF) or (WORD)

Functional Group Table

An organic chemistry course is supposed to have a lot of memorizing.  We try to keep this to a minimum, but the minimum isn't nothing. For the first hour exam you will be responsible for memorizing the names of 17 "functional groups" and how to recognize and draw simple "constitutional" structures for them.  These functional groups are identified in red in a table that includes 16 additional functional groups that we'll probably encounter this semester.  You can access the table in three formats:  as a web page ; as a pdf file ; as an downloadable Excel Spreadsheet.  I find that sorting a spreadsheet different ways and stepping through it is an effective tool for memorization (that's how I learn your names).  Good luck.

Lecture 4 (9/10/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov) (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
(Clairvoyant "Science" ; Powers of 105 ;  Measuring the very small - Franklin; Feeling atoms SPM)

The first subject of the course is how we know about the existence of atoms, molecules, and bonds. It also teaches about the role of authority in science. To begin we will contrast two erroneous treatments of atomic and molecular structure a century ago. One of them is by two great scientists G. N. Lewis (Lewis dot structures) and J. J. Thomson (discoverer of the electron). The other is by "clairvoyant" frauds.

Seeing Atoms with Clairvoyance (relevant, but not assigned reading)
If you're skeptical that Crookes really believed in psychic pheomena, click here (also not assigned, just for the curious)

SPM web page
A humorous question related to the smallness of atoms

It will be VERY helpful to read ahead on the x-ray page

Lecture 5 (9/12/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov)  (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
( light and seeing by wave interference, x-ray diffraction, molecular and lattice diffraction )

X-Ray Diffraction

Diffraction examples from lecture demonstration

Lecture 6 (9/15/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov) (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )

(understanding molecular and lattice diffraction, Franklin's DNA; e-density maps, difference maps and bonding)

Leslie Leiserowitz on his Triene (Transcript 16K)
Leiserowitz Quicktime Movie (160 x 120, 5.6 Meg) or (240 x 180, 10.3 Meg)

Jack Dunitz on the C-F Difference Density (Transcript 12K)
Dunitz Quicktime Movie (160 x 120, 6.2 MB) or (240 x 180, 11.2 MB)

(You are not responsible for the page on anomalous dispersion.)

The Second Great Question

It will be VERY helpful to read ahead on the Quantum Mechanics page

Lecture 7 (9/17/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt downloads folder containing ppt file) or (mov) (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio1  audio2 )
(Pathological Bonding; Schroedinger's Invention; Weird Kinetic Energy; The Jeopardy Method)

Quantum Mechanics (Sections I-V on 1st Exam)

Erwin Meets Goldilocks (problem set due Monday, Sept. 22 - PDF document)

It's a pretty safe bet that you have never worked on this kind of problem before, so you should get started as soon as possible. Although you should learn how to solve all of the problems in this important problem set, it is unrealistic to solve them all by yourself. You should form groups, parcel out the problems, and explain what you learn to one another. 

Filip will demonstrate the use of Erwin Meets Goldilocks at the Thursday discussion section.  This program will help you develop a quantum mechanical intuition. You will be doing the relevant problem set in self-selected groups. Be sure that at least one representative from your group (or someone else who is willing to help you) attends the demonstration session. Bring your laptop to the session.  It would help if you download the Applet ahead of time.

Goldilocks Yoonjoo Lee
      thanks to Yoonjoo Lee

Lecture 8 (9/19/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov) (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  no audio )
(1D Quantum - Erwin meets Goldilocks; Nodes & Quantization; Psi-squared & Structure; Vibration)

Lecture 9 (9/22/08) Viewing Instructions
 (ppt downloads zipped folder with ppt file) or (mov) (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
(Double Minima - bonding and tunneling; Chladni - nodes in 2D; H-like atom wave functions; rho for r, orbital shapes, Parts of 2p; Dauger's Atom-in-Box)

Chladni Figure Short Movie (Quicktime - 3MB)

4 Chladni Figures (Quicktime - 9.5 MB)

Quantum Mechanics V: H-like Atoms & problem set

Problems for Wednesday, September 24 :

1) Why are there no Chladni Star Figures with an odd number of branches? (e.g. 3 or 5 radii)
2)Why are the first two cells [(0,0) (1,0)] in Chladni's tables vacant?
3) Compare 1s of H with 2s of C+5 in Energy
4) Do the six Atomic Orbital problems HERE (also for Atom-in-a-Box Download)

Lecture 10 (9/24/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
(Atom-in-Box; r2 weighting; scaling size and energy; hybridization for orientation and shape; The Problem With Orbitals)

If you are have difficulty with why r2 is sometimes used to multiply Ψ2 in discussing electron distribution, 
you might try
these optional problems from a previous year and discuss them with friends or TAs.

Hybridization Animation

Review Session:  8-10 pm Wednesday, Sept. 24, 116 WLH

There will be other review sessions on Thursday 7-10, 116 WLH (Filip and Peer Tutors)

You will have a full hour to write Friday's exam.  You may start at 10:30 and end at 11:30 in the normal lecture room (160 SCL)
or if it's important to get somewhere else by 11:30, you may choose the early option: start at 10:15 and end at 11:15.  
For the "early option" come to Room 111 SCL (at the other end of the hall from 160).

You may be wondering what kind of questions might appear on exams in this course. (Our first exam will occur on Friday, Sept. 26 The following PDF file contains a number of questions based on topics we have been discussing. These would be fair game. It might be useful to look them over as we go along.

2001 First Exam (PDF)Answer Key for 2001 First Exam (PDF 772K)
First Hour Exam 2002 (PDF) Answer Key for First Hour Exam 2002 (PDF)
Answer Key for Exam 1 2003 (PDF)
First Hour Exam 2004 (PDF) First Hour Exam 2004 Answers (PDF)
First Hour Exam 2005 (PDF)

First Hour Exam 2005 Answers (PDF)

First Hour Exam 2006 (PDF)

First Hour Exam 2006 Answers (PDF)
First Hour Exam 2007 First Hour Exam 2007 Answer Key

Sample questions for first hour exam

Sample Quantum Mechanics Questions (PDF)

Sample questions on Early Topics (pdf file) 

First Hour Exam 2008 (pdf)         First Hour Exam 2008 Answer Key(pdf)

The first exam papers will be returned in class on Monday, 9/29.

The class average was very good (80.0) with 1/3 of the scores greater than 85 and 2/3 of the scores greater than 76.  Congratulations, you seem to be learning a lot!

You can check your own points, both by question and total, using Post'em on ClassesV2.  If you have questions about the grading, consult the answer key (above) first, and then speak to  the grader of the relevant question (1-5, Schley; 6-8, McBride; 9-11, Kolundzic).

The "letter grades" posted there are of course almost insignificant, because they represent such a small, preliminary portion of the grading for the semester. But the course content is cumulative, so it can be helpful to see where you stand thus far, and whether it is important to be sure you're not falling behind.

  There is plenty of help available from the teaching staff.  5/6 of the semester scoring is still to come, so it's way too early either to despair or to become self-satisfied.  The plot to the right from year before last shows that the first exam score was not a great predictor of semester total. There is some correlation, but it is easy by working (or not) to move up (or down) by a letter grade.
exam correlation

Material for the second quarter of the Fall Semester 2008 

Lecture 11 (9/29/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov)    (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
(2-electrons,  Zeff,  SCF,  "Correlation Energy", Energy Magnitudes; Orbital Shapes"Plum-Pudding" molecular orbitals)

Quantum Mechanics VI-VII
(orbitals for several electrons, hybridization)

  Energy Scales and Correlation Energy

Lecture 12 (10/1/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt)  or (mov)   (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
(Orbital Shapes, "Plum-Pudding" molecular orbitals; Pairwise LCAO-MO, Bonding in H2)

Quantum Mechanics VIII-IX
(molecular orbitals; HOMOs and LUMOs for functional groups)

H-H Bonding

C-C Overlap and Hybridization

Lecture 13 (10/3/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov)  (how to use these files)  (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )

(C-C Overlap, Overlap & Energy, Newton's Grail; Energy-Match, H2 vs. HF)

Overlap / E-Match / Tunneling

Lecture 14 (10/6/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt)  or (mov)    (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )

(XH3: IR, ESR, CF3; Goals)

XH3 (contact with reality)

Lecture 15 (10/8/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt)  or (mov)   (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )

(Pathological Bonds; BH3 and local bonds; Which mixings are important?; Acid-Base Theory; What makes HOMO high, LUMO low?)

  BH3, an Example of an MO Computation & an Apology for Local Bonds
Note: the pictures on this page are fun to look at, but don't worry too much about the verbal content,
unless you can't sleep because we use local bond analysis instead of the MOs that computers find.

HOMO-LUMO Reactivity:

MO Interactions, which ones count? (HOMO/LUMO)

Functional Groups (high HOMO base / low LUMO acid)

Lecture 16 (10/10/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov)   (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )

(What makes HOMO high, LUMO low? B2H6; HF LUMO; Acid-Base - SN2 - E2 LUMO Analogies)

Orbital Shape

Orbitals of:
HF an acid (substitution at H)
CH3F substitution at C (an acid)
O=CH2 the carbonyl group (an acid)

Lecture 17 (10/13/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov)    (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )

(Acid-Base - SN2 - E2 LUMO Analogies; Make & Break; N2H4 Synthesis; Four Functional Groups: Carbonyl)

LUMO Analogies (elimination from C2H5X)

Where should R2C=O be attacked? (Buergi-Dunitz Angle)

Lecture 18 (10/15/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt or (mov)  (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
(Four Functional Groups, cont.: Amide, Carboxylic Acid, C-metal bond, How Did They Know? Chemical Cousins)

Intramolecular HOMO/LUMO mixing and "Resonance"

3-Center "Electron-Deficient" "Y" Bonds
[ B2H6 & (CH3Li)4 •4 OMe2]

OMO-OMO Mixing Problem

See Wiki for Functional Group Analysis

History Index

 History (how humans actually learned about organic chemistry)

Why we study chemical history (DO READ THIS & the others)
Your Genealogy in Organic Structure Theory

NOTE: Lecture 19 will be covered on the Third Exam, not on Monday's Second Exam.  Wikis due next Tuesday.

Lecture 19 (10/17/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt)  or (mov (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio Lect 18 of 2009 - lapping 2008)
(Precursors of Modern Chemistry- Alchemy, Scheele's Acids; Oxygen; Lavoisier's Revolution: Nomenclature, Trait, Analysis, Elements, Measuring Gases, Radicals & Language, Measuring Heat)

Review Sessions for Monday's Exam

Prof. McBride is will lead another session Thursday 8:30-10:30 PM in WLH 116, displacing Filip Kolundzic's session.

Filip will be contacting you by e-mail to find what time he could offer a review session to accommodate those who cannot come on Thursday evening.

The Peer Tutors will have their regularly scheduled help session on  Sunday evening.

Sample Problems for Monday's Exam
2nd Hour Exam 2007 (PDF)2nd Hour Exam 2007 Answers (PDF)
2nd Hour Exam 2006 (PDF) 2nd Hour Exam 2006 Answers (PDF)
2nd Hour Exam 2005 (PDF) 2nd Hour Exam 2005 Answers
2nd Hour Exam 2004 (pdf)
2nd Hour Exam 2004 Answers (pdf)
2nd Hour Exam 2003 (pdf) 2nd Hour Exam 2003 Answer Key (pdf)
2nd Hour Exam 2002 (Word)... (PDF)Answers to 2002 2nd Exam (Word)... (PDF)
2nd Hour Exam 2001 (PDF) ... (Word)
2nd Hour Exam 2000 (Word)Answers to 2000 2nd Exam
2nd Hour Exam 1999 (web page) (answers at end)
2nd Hour Exam from 1998 (Word)Answers to 1998 2nd Exam
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The exam will take place at 10:30 AM (normal lecture time) in SCL 160 (normal lecture room). It will be budgeted for 50 minutes, but 60 minutes will be allowed for writing exam papers. To accommodate students who must leave for classes beginning at 11:35 (or who just wish to get it over with), the exam may be taken early from 10:15-11:15 in SCL 111 (southeast corner of SCL - at other end of the hall from 160).

Second Hour Exam 2008 (pdf)        Second Hour Exam 2008 Answer Key(pdf)

Material for 3rd Quarter of First Semester 2008

Prerevolutionary contributions - Scheele

Lecture 20 (10/22/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt)  or (mov)   (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )

( Lavoisier: Analysis & Bookkeeping; Dalton: Atoms & Proportions; Berzelius: Symbols & Analysis; Gay-Lussac Volumes)

Lavoisier & the Chemical Revolution: Analysis

(14 Questions for Friday indicated by * below. You may work in small groups)

Portrait (we discussed the problem re. Fig. 10 in class, you need not turn it in)
Preface (1789)
Elements & Oxidation *2
How to determine Gas Density
Calorimeter *4
Combustion of Phosphorus and Carbon *4
Quantitative Chemical "Formulae" *4

Lecture 21 (10/24/08) Viewing Instructions
or (mov)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )

(Mitscherlich As/P ratio; Berzelius: Analysis, Electrolysis & Dualism; Woehler & Urea; Isomerism; Liebig Analysis)

Combustion Analysis Lavoisier/Prout/Liebig/Dumas (1788-1841)

Note: problems for Wednesday (on web pagess with red years 1828 and 1832 below)

Liebig's Kaliapparat and the etymology of K and Na (1831)
Distillation and the "Liebig" Condenser (1771)

1828-1851 Isomerism
Radical (Dualistic) vs.
Type (Unitary, Substitution) Theory

 Woehler/Berzelius Letters about Urea (1828)
Woehler's Urea Paper (analysis and isomerism preview) (1828)
Berzelius Coins the Term Isomeric (1830)
Woehler/Berzelius on Liebig, Isomerism, & Organic Chemistry (1830-35)
Woehler/Liebig Discovery of Benzoyl Radical (by analysis) (1832)
Dumas's Panegyric on the Radical Theory (1837)
Berzelius on Dumas Substitution Theory (1838)
Simple Alkane Etymology
Woehler's Spoof of the Type Theory (1840)
Competing Views of Organic Chemistry (~1851)

Lecture 22 (10/27/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov) (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
(Radical Theory; Substitution or Type Theory)

Lecture 23 (10/29/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
(Valence: Couper, Structure; Kekul, Nomenclature, Notation, Models, Counting Isomers)

1858-1860s Constitution
"Nature and Sequence of Bonds"

Couper On a New Chemical Theory (1858)
Kirkintilloch Movie (11Mb)
Kekul on the Superiority of his Sausage Formulae (1865)
Other Molecular Diagrams and Models (mid 1860s)
Cannizzaro, the Cautious Revolutionary, on Models (1872)

Lecture 24 (10/31/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov) (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
(Counting Isomers, Cannizzaro, Koerner's Benzene Proof, Paterno's Tetrahedral Carbon)

Note Problems for Moday on Frame 7

1869-1880 Configuration
"Arrangement of Atoms in Space"

Koerner Proves 6-fold Symmetry of Benzene (1869)
Patern's Tetrahedral Carbons (1869)

Lecture 25 (11/3/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt)  or (mov) (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
(Benzene Structure -van't Hoff vs. Ladenburg; Carvone/Tartaric Acid Isomerism; Pasteur, van't Hoff,)

Lieben to Patern on Atoms in Space (1869)
van't Hoff's Tetrahedral Carbon (configuration) (1875)
Kolbe's Criticism of van't Hoff (1877)
Your Teacher, a Later-Day Kolbe?

Lecture 26 (11/5/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov)  (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
(van't Hoff, Tetrahedral C; Coordinate Transformation; Alkenes & Allenes; Mirrors & Alice; Chirality; Stereochemistry; Notation)

Lecture 27 (11/7/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov)  (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
(Configurational Notation, Fischer Projection, Counting Configurational Isomers; Systematic Nomenclature for Constitution)

Fischer on Models and the Fischer Projection (1891)

Lecture 28 (11/10/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov) (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
(Systematic Nomenclature for Configuration - CIP; Resolution)

Stereochemical Nomenclature: Cahn-Ingold-Prelog
Chirality in the 8th Century  (note Problem for Wednesday)

Lecture 29 (11/12/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov)  (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
( Resolution; Mechanism of Optical Rotation; Who Cares?; Chiral Drugs; Stereo Viewing; Esomeprazole)

Third Exam is coming up on Friday, Nov 14

 Dr. McBride will lead a review session on Wednesday evening
9-11 PM Room 211 Mason Lab

As usual, questions will focus on material covered since the previous exam (plus topics 364 and 365 of Lecture 29),
but it is assumed that you know the material covered earlier in the course.
Remember that Lecture 19 (October 17) will also be fair game on this exam,
but the exam will NOT include most of the material from Lecture 29
(Wednesday, November 12), which will be left for the semester final exam.

Old Third Exams for Practice :
Note - we are ahead of the pace for several previous years and very slightly ahead of last year,
so different material covered in some of the earlier exams will be relevant this year.

3rd Hour Exam 2003 (pdf) ...3rd Hour Exam 2003 Answer Key (pdf)

3rd Hour Exam 2004 (pdf) .....      3rd Hour Exam 2004 Answer Key (pdf)

3rd Hour Exam 2005 (pdf)   3rd Hour Exam 2005 Answer Key (pdf)

3rd Hour Exam 2006 (pdf)   3rd Hour Exam 2006 Answer Key (pdf)

3rd Hour Exam 2007 (pdf)     Sorry, no answer key

(even earlier exams available in the table below)

2002 questions (pdf)
2002 answers (pdf)
2001 questions (pdf) (Word)
2001 answers (pdf) (Word)
2000 questions (pdf) (Word)
2000 answers (pdf) (Word)
1999 questions (pdf) (Word)
sorry, answer key unavailable
1998 questions (pdf) (Word)
1998 answers (pdf) (Word)

The exam will be offered 10:15-11:15 in 111 SCL and 10:30-11:30 in 160 SCL

3rd Hour Exam 2008 (pdf)   3rd Hour Exam 2008 Answer Key (pdf)

Exam Score StatisticsMean1/3 of scores >2/3 of scores >
3rd Exam76.78671
Sum of 3 Exams229.9247219

4th Quarter of Fall Semester 2007

Lecture 29 (11/12/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov)  (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
( Resolution; Mechanism of Optical Rotation - Prof. Laurence Barron; Who Cares?; Chiral Drugs; Stereo Viewing; Esomeprazole)

Thalidomide/Ritalin Chiral Switch

Stereo Viewing this is optional, ask if you're interested)

Lecture 30 (11/17/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov)  (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
(Omeprazole mechanism of action;  Esomeprazole - Chiral Switch; Clinician Perspective - Dr. Dianne Duffey)

For timely relevance see today's editorial in the New York Times:  Who Should Take a Statin

Lecture 31 (11/19/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov)  (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
(Esomeprazole - Litigation, Resolution & Chiral SynthesisConformation & Energy; Newman Projection; Rotational Barrier from Heat Capacity)

Lecture 32 (11/21/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov)  (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )
(Source of Barrier; Stereotopicity and Toponomy; Baeyer Strain Theory; Sachse's Rhetoric)

Topicity: Prochirality and Dehydrogenase

1885- Conformation

Baeyer Proposes Strain Theory (1885)
Sachse Identifies Conformational Isomers; Baeyer objects (1890-93)
Mohr Vindicates Sachse (1918)

Drawing Perspective Views of Cyclohexane

Strain Energy in Butane

Lecture 33 (12/1/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov)  (Wiki)
(Fall 2009 ppt  audio )

(Mohr's Drawings of c-Hexane; Barton's Conformational Analysis; Ring Flips; Rotational Barriers; Strain Energy and Molecular Mechanics; Axial vs. Equatorial Energy; Ring Relaxation; Molecular Mechanics vs. Quantum)

Lecture 34 (12/3/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov)  (Wiki)
(Guest Lecture on Stereospecific Catalysis by Barry Sharpless; Molecular Mechanics of cyclobutane and cyclopentane puckering)

Lecture 35 (12/5/08) Viewing Instructions
(ppt) or (mov)   (Wiki)
(Molecular Mechanics vs. Quantum; Generic Geometries and CSD; Energy Models; Heat of Formation; Average Bond Energies; ΔHatomCarbon)

Non-Spherical Bromine

Lecture 36 (12/8/08) Viewing Instructions

(ppt) or (mov)  (Wiki)
(ΔHatomCarbon; "effects" in ketone-enol equilibrium; Statistics and Equilibrium)


Energies: Choice of Zero and Chupka's Heat of Atomization of Carbon

Relevant websites:
Boltzmann Distribution
Distributions - Maxwell to Bush (powerpoint)  (marginal relevance)
Entropy & Disorder Riddle

 Lecture 37 (12/10/08) Viewing Instructions
 (download  zipped folder with ppt file) or (mov)  (Wiki)
(Statistics and Equilibrium; Potential Energy Surface; Transition State Theory; Bond Dissociation Energies; Free-Radical Halogenation; The Chemical Bond)

Multiparticle Trajectories   (Interesting, but only marginally relevant this year)
Kinetics Overview  (background, with link to potential energy surface)
Eyring Surface for H3

McBride Review Session: 8-10 pm Monday, December 15, Room 116 WLH

First Semester Final Exam

9 AM Wednesday, December 17

Davies Auditorium
(Basement of Becton Center next to SSS)

The exam will be budgeted for 150 minutes, but you will have 180 minutes to complete it. Roughly half of the questions will be focussed on material since the third hour exam. (If half of the final covers the last quarter of the course, and the final counts for half of the semester points, the last quarter of the course counts for 1/4 of the semester total.)

Previous Fall Final Examinations:

Note: Some previous exams covered a few additional topics that we did not cover this year.  You are responsible only for what was presented in lecture this year and for assigned reading and problems.

1999 First Semester Final Exam (pdf 128kB) and Answer Key (pdf 68kB)

2000 First Semester Final Exam (pdf 180kB) and Answer Key (pdf 48kB)

2001 First Semester Final Exam (pdf 180kB) and Answer Key (pdf 220kB)
Supplemental information for above:
Resonance Structures            ProtonatedMeOHLUMO

2002 First Semester Final Exam (pdf 164kB) Answer Key (pdf 192kB)

2003 First Semester Final Exam (pdf 380kB)      (sorry no answer key)

2004 First Semester Final Exam      Answer Key

2005 First Semester Final Exam (sorry no answer key)

2006 First Semester Final Exam        Answer Key

2007 First Semester Final Exam  Answer Key

2008 First Semester Final Exam Answer Key

Material for First Quarter of the Fall Semester 2008

Material for Second Quarter of the Fall Semester 2008

Material for Third Quarter of the Fall Semester 2008

Material for Fourth Quarter of the Fall Semester 2008


copyright 2008 J. M. McBride